URBAN SPRAWL CASE STUDY GCSE

Brindley Place is a city centre development which includes bars, retail, offices and entertainment facilities and which generates a large income. Social – ethnic and cultural diversity allows people to experience different religions and foods. Environmental – canals in Birmingham have been cleaned up. Birmingham is located centrally in England, in the Midlands. To reduce pollution, traffic has been managed by creating a park and ride scheme , encouraging the use of buses and the Birmingham Metro tramline.

The Balti Triangle is an area of Birmingham famous for its restaurants and curry houses. The city presents many positive opportunities such as: Due to competition from abroad, most of Birmingham’s manufacturing industry has now gone. Causes Population growth – increased demand for housing Demand for out of town shopping and retail parks lead to buildings constructed on previously undeveloped places Migration – from urban areas to rural areas – in HICs as the urban fringe area has more space, cheaper land and less congestion than the inner city Migration – rural to urban – pull factors include better opportunities, etc, and urban sprawl can happen when there is rapid urban growth and the housing facilities cannot cope with it. Economic – the Bullring shopping centre includes shops generating employment and income for the local economy. Social – ethnic and cultural diversity allows people to experience different religions and foods.

It is the UK’s second-largest city and has strong connections with other countries in the world as a result of its ethnic diversity.

urban sprawl case study gcse

The Balti Triangle is an area of Birmingham famous for its restaurants and curry houses. To reduce pollution, traffic has been managed by creating a park and ride casseencouraging the use of buses and the Birmingham Metro tramline. Birmingham Birmingham is located centrally in England, in the Midlands.

London: CASE STUDY urban challenges in the UK Flashcards by | Brainscape

stuey Due to competition from abroad, most of Birmingham’s manufacturing industry has now gone. The Eastside City Park is a new park developed to increase the amount of green space. Changing UK Economy Wordsearch. Environmental – canals in Birmingham have been cleaned up.

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Unemployment – the closure of factories in the manufacturing industry led to high unemployment. Building on greenfield sites – this results in the loss of more green space and may make urban sprawl worse. Birmingham is located centrally in England, in the Midlands. Atmospheric pollution – with more people in a city, there are more vehicles on the road, leading to atmospheric pollution. Health – in Aston, people with poorer English language skills found it difficult to access healthcare facilities.

Effects More congestion and pollution in the countryside Similarly, commuter towns can be established, where people work in the city and live on the outskirts so they have to commute into work – this causes pollution and congestion Commuter towns also lead to a rise in house prices There is building on greenfield sites – this could lead to environmental impacts such as loss of habitats Sptawl on farmland areas can lead to people losing their income syudy farmers, and also the loss of wildlife etc In LICs and NEEs eg Rio, Brazil urband sprawl as a result of rapid urban growth can lead stuudy squatter settlements or slums ufban for example in Rio the favelas Positive: Aston is an area of deprivation with an ethnically diverse community wprawl many children struggled to access and succeed in education.

Urban decline – Birmingham used to have a large manufacturing industry. Brindley Place is a city centre development which includes bars, retail, offices and entertainment facilities and which generates a large income.

Urban Environment – Urban Sprawl

There is not enough good quality and affordable housing for people in the city. Waste disposal – a large urban population produces a lot of household and commercial waste which creates challenges for how to manage and dispose of this waste.

Education – the quality of education was particularly poor in inner city areas such as Aston. Longbridge car manufacturing is based in Birmingham.

urban sprawl case study gcse

St Paul’s Square is a popular venue for live music. However building on brownfield sites – this will improve a derelict site as the space is sttudy for a new development. The towpaths have been upgraded to encourage people to walk and cycle along the canals in the city. The city also has five universities, which cater for over 65, higher education students.

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This may be more expensive than building on greenfield sites as there must be clearing and decontamination, however in the long term it’s more sustainable. Economic – the Bullring shopping centre includes shops generating employment and income for the local economy.

Causes Population growth – increased demand for housing Demand for out of town shopping and retail parks lead to buildings constructed on previously undeveloped places Migration – from urban areas to rural areas – in HICs as the urban fringe area has more space, cheaper land and less congestion than the inner city Migration – rural to urban – pull factors include better opportunities, etc, and urban sprawl can happen when there is rapid urban growth and the housing facilities cannot cope with it.

Human Geog- Changing Urban Environments. Social – ethnic and cultural diversity allows people to experience different religions and foods. Sign up to Comment. Inequalities in housing – Birmingham’s high population has resulted in pressures on housing. The Bullring Shopping Centre.

Urban Sprawl

This has led to urban decline as manufacturing buildings were left empty and became derelict. Dereliction – derelict buildings from the manufacturing industry ssprawl common in inner city areas.

The city presents many positive opportunities such as: Deprivation – with the closure of the manufacturing industry and high unemployment, parts of Birmingham experienced a spiral of social and economic decline leading to deprivation.