One difficulty which can arise in talking about H. What relationships can you see between the three studies above? A study by Goodwin investigated the effect of alcohol on state-dependent internal retrieval. Download the revision notes as a PDF. Baddeley and Hitch conducted an experiment in which participants were asked to perform two tasks at the same time dual task technique. This was a laboratory experiment with five conditions, only one of which was experienced by each participant an independent measures experimental design.
The effects are stronger when the participants are in a positive mood than a negative mood. What relationships can you see between the three studies above? What do you want to do? Participants were shown slides of a car accident involving a number of cars and asked to describe what had happened as if they were eyewitnesses. As a result, it may not be possible to generalize from the findings. Here is the full research paper from Shallice and Warrington
Cohen and Squire drew a distinction between declarative knowledge and procedural knowledge. Encoding is the way information is changed so that it can be stored in the memory.
KF – Shallice and Warrington – Unit 2 – Cognitive psychology – Stuvia
It does not involve conscious thought i. The estimated speed was affected by the verb used. One group did this on the beach and the other group underwater. One of the slave systems is the phonological loop which is temporary storage system warrjngton holding auditory information in a speech based form.
What conclusions were drawn about human memory from H. Interference is an explanation for forgetting from long term shudy — two sets of information become confused.
He proposed a distinction between episodic, semantic and procedural memory. You must evaluate the studies you present. Download the revision notes as a PDF. It can process information in all sensory forms, directs information to other slave systems and collects responses. This is absolutely crucial! Corkin et al H. Look back at the assumptions of the Multi-Store Model of Memory above. The results of the study showed the witnesses were highly accurate in their accounts, and there was little change in amount or accuracy shalljce recall after 5 months.
Types of cues that have been studied by psychologists include context, state and organisation When we store a new memory we also store information about the situation and these are known as retrieval cues.
Animal research also raises the issue of extrapolation. The witnesses were also aksed to rate how stressed they had felt at the time of the incident, using a 7 point scale.
Following an operation to cure him of epilepsy, H.
A-level Psychology Memory Revision for Paper 1 | Simply Psychology
The basic idea behind state-dependent retrieval is that memory will be best when a person’s physical or psychological state is similar at encoding and retrieval. Proactive and retroactive Interference is thought to be more likely to occur where the memories are similar, for example: Because he wasn’t moving obviously they were able to scan for nine hours in astonishing detail.
For example, research has shown that using a combination of ‘report everything’ and ‘context reinstatement’ produced better recall than any of the conditions individually. Working memory is supported by dual task studies. The marking criteria are below.
One of the very influential early models of how our memory works was the Multi-Store Model of Memory Atkinson and Shiffrin, A more detailed summary of the numerous studies involving H.
KF – Shallice and Warrington 1974
One limitation is the fact that little is known about how the central executive works. Although any Level 3 command term could be asked, we’ll concentrate on the one given in the learning objective, so the question is Examine one interaction between cognition and physiology in terms of behaviour 22 You will need to plan an essay which will be about sides of A4 long, including a detailed focus on the command term.
When attention is paid to something in the environment it is then converted to short-term memory. See below for one suggestion AO3 Analyse, interpret and evaluate a analyse, interpret and evaluate scientific information, ideas and evidence, including in relation to issues, to:.
Recall from a Changed Perspective Trying to mentally recreate the situation from different points of view e. In contrast, anterograde amnesia is the inability to form any new memories.
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