This paper will also describe various factors that impacted the Jews and the Holy Land leading up to and including the time of Christ. Unfortunately, we cannot explore here every relevant detail that may enhance our understanding of the New Testament world. Goodenough, An Introduction to Philo Judaeus 2 nd ed. The purpose of this discourse is to provide a brief history of the Second Temple Period, beginning with Alexander the Great and concluding with the sons of Herod Antipas. These events are one of the reasons why some of the Jews were looking for a political Messiah when Jesus came upon the scene years after Pompey brought Roman rule to Palestine. Decoding the Literary Record. Biblical scholar John Bright concisely describes each faction and succinctly explains the circumstances in which they emerged:.
During this upheaval, several Judean politicians vied for power. It is during this period that the influence of the Sadducees and Pharisees grew. Under Ptolemaic rule, Jewish writers translated Old Testament into the Septuagint which tied the Diaspora together and provided a mechanism that would be used to spread the Gospel. You can also subscribe without commenting. Since Greek was the common language of the known civilization, this new translation allowed the Word of God to spread throughout the Hellenistic world.
The Jewish Publication Society of America, Westminster Press, 1 9 8 1pp. The purpose of this discourse is to provide a brief history of the Second Temple Period, beginning with Alexander the Great and concluding with the sons of Herod Antipas.
Indeed it was not. These writings, which comprise portions of the Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha, were not meant to replace the authority of the Bible but rather offer exciting new vistas on an old, yet vibrant faith. Thanks, Taylor, for providing such a wonderful resource!
Samuel Sandmel, Philo of Alexandria: Ted Stoddard on July 4, at 7: An Introduction to the Documents, translated by David E. But the coming of the Roman occupation [c. Rather, it was later groups of Israelites who recognized the significance of these various writings. To learn more about our notification options, file formats and sources, visit our Stay Informed page. At one point, he erected a statue of Zeus in the temple and sacrificed a pig on the alter.
They are constantly at odds with Jesus who continually points out their failings for true righteousness. Throughout the long-lasting political and military conflict between the Seleucids and Ptolemies, Jews found themselves once again as conquered and subjugated people.
Decoding the Literary Record.
When we look upon the ancient past with the knowledge that it was populated by humans who lived, loved, learned and desired we see similar patterns, yet expressed in unique colors and hues. Decades later when the Persians conquered Babylon, Cyrus decreed that the Jerusalem temple should be rebuilt ca. Baker Academic, The two disciplines inevitably go hand in hand.
Opposite these were, most notably, the Pharisees. Cambridge University Press, In comparison to the Persians, the Greeks were as small and as insignificant in its time as Andorra is to the United States today. By Karen Elligson Solt.
A Jewish priestly family known as the Maccabees, from a small town not far from present day Tel-Aviv, mustered enough influence to stand against the mighty Seleucid army. This paper also described various factors that impacted the Jews and the Holy Land leading up to and including the time of Christ. The Egyptian city of Alexandria which was home to the one of the greatest universities and libraries of the ancient world became one of the main centers for Jews to explore how Greek approaches to Biblical literature, ideas and motifs could enhance their understanding of their own Jewish religious and cultural identity.
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(DOC) Intertestamental Period Paper – NBST – Roberts | David Roberts –
And the shaggy goat represents the kingdom of Greece, and the large horn that is between his eyes is the resaerch king. Anything, or anyone, that threatened the peace was subject to extreme scrutiny.
Help Center Find new research papers in: Goodenough, An Introduction to Philo Judaeus 2 nd ed. For example, there lived in Alexandria at the time of Christ a learned Jew, named Philo, who was much enamored with the philosophical doctrines of the Greek philosopher Plato.
I felt like I was in a time capsule zooming through years of Jewish history in 20 minutes.
Between the Testaments: An Invitation to Explore the Intertestamental Time Period
You are free to unsubscribe at any time. Jewish Sects and the New Testament We are greeted with two of the above mentioned groups Sadducees and Pharisees throughout the pages of the New Testament. First, there was the rise of the scribal class.