IAAC OPEN THESIS FABRICATION

It is a material used worldwide, which allows significant winter heating and summer cooling, due to the thermal inertia properties. However, while clay has been used in vernacular architecture for thousands of years, today it faces the stigma of being associated with only traditional or underdeveloped areas. However, by pairing it with contemporary technology, the aim of the project was to develop a prototype that would state clay as a plausible construction material for any type of architecture, relevant to the developing architectural field. The modules are parametrically conceived so that they have optimum performance depending on solar radiation, wind behavior and structural 3D printing reasoning, both by their own and as a whole design. While 3D printing has given the possibility to create complex geometries, the intelligence of the design comes from the optimization strategies, the creation of performative shapes becoming easier to achieve. The same channels are also designed to aid wind behavior through convection properties, as well as the placement of the microperforation which would direct air flow. Project Credits Program Directors:

Additionally, the modules are designed to incorporate various types of openings, in order to maximize the natural daylight potential — the openings are strategically placed and vary from micro openings to full-openings between bricks are light channels. During TerraPerforma, a series of tests were carried that explore the possibility to optimise design according to different performance parameters. Therefore, a series of physical tests and digital simulations was done for prototypes of walls testing Solar Radiation, Daylight, Thermal Conductivity, Thermal Convection, Thermal Mass and Structural Behavior. Mud constructions are an ancestral technique, based on the use of local material, with an ecological footprint close to zero. The team also developed a series of machines, such as the Hygrothermal Monitoring Apparatus and the Load Machine in order to further develop their studies, as well as doing a light visualization exercise by recreating sun path with the help of the robot.

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The development of the project started by researching climatic phenomena and material behavior.

iaac open thesis fabrication

The modules are parametrically conceived so that they have optimum performance depending on solar radiation, wind behavior and structural 3D printing reasoning, both by their own and as a whole design. Therefore, a series of physical tests and digital simulations was done for prototypes of walls testing Solar Radiation, Daylight, Thermal Conductivity, Thermal Convection, Thermal Mass and Structural Behavior.

The team also developed a series of machines, such as the Hygrothermal Monitoring Apparatus and the Load Machine in order to further develop their studies, as well as doing a light visualization exercise by recreating sun path with the help of thesiis robot. Mud constructions are an ancestral technique, based on the use of local material, with an ecological footprint close to zero.

The same channels are also designed to aid wind behavior through convection properties, as well as the placement of the microperforation which would direct air flow. Additionally, due to the ability to absorb and evaporate, clay offers a self-regulating humidity environment, promoting a healthy indoor climate.

iaac open thesis fabrication

While 3D printing has given the possibility to create complex geometries, the intelligence of the design comes from the optimization strategies, the creation of performative fabbrication becoming easier to achieve.

Its original point of design resides in the way the cables are connected to the frame, called the configuration of the CDPR, which makes is a very stable design, hence the team was able to manufacture the biggest monolithic piece done within the research.

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Open Thesis Fabrication – IAAC Blog

For the final prototype of TerraPerforma, it was concluded that a modular approach would be best, mainly due to the difficulties of bringing a robot in the outdoor and to face hard climatic conditions.

However, by pairing it with contemporary technology, the aim fabricztion the project was to develop a prototype that would state clay as a plausible construction material for any type of architecture, relevant to the developing architectural field.

iaac open thesis fabrication

It is a material used opeen, which allows significant winter heating and summer cooling, due to the thermal inertia properties. During TerraPerforma, a series of tests were carried that explore the possibility to optimise design according to different performance parameters. However, while clay has been used in vernacular architecture for thousands of years, today it faces the stigma of being associated with only traditional or underdeveloped areas.

Project Credits Program Directors: Additionally, the modules are designed to incorporate various types of openings, in order to maximize the natural daylight potential — the openings are strategically placed and vary from micro openings to full-openings between bricks are light channels.