There was slippage along a conservative plate boundary that runs through Haiti. The earthquake was caused by the North American Plate sliding past the Caribbean Plate at a conservative plate margin. Delays in aid distribution led to angry appeals from aid workers and survivors, and looting and sporadic violence were observed. The large number of deaths meant that hospitals and morgues became full and bodies then had to be piled up on the streets. Haiti lies right on the boundary of the Caribbean and North American plates.
Communication systems, air, land, and sea transport facilities, hospitals, and electrical networks had been damaged by the earthquake, which slowed rescue and aid efforts. Many of the effects were immediate or primary , eg injuries from falling buildings. Impacts Short term responses Long term recovery. Haiti is part of a large Caribbean island called Hispaniola. Social impacts of the earthquake effects on people 3 million people affected. The clothing industry, which accounts for two-thirds of Haiti ‘s exports, reported structural damage at manufacturing facilities.
Earthquakes – Test – KS3 Geography – BBC Bitesize
Cause of the earthquake Haiti lies right on the boundary of the Caribbean and North American plates. Its capital city is Port-au-Prince.
Short term responses Many countries responded to appeals for aid, pledging funds and dispatching rescue and medical teams, engineers and support personnel.
Some secondary effects didn’t happen until many months later, eg cholera outbreaks. Most people, businesses and services were located in the capital. The earthquake struck at Primary and secondary effects of the Haiti earthquake.
Earthquake Case Study (Haiti – Poor)
Image courtesy of Wikipedia. Social impacts of the earthquake effects on people 3 million people affected. Medicines San frontiers, a charity, tried to help casualties whilst the USA took charge of trying to coordinate Aid distribution.
Secondary result from primary effects. Because cawe were few earthquake-resistant buildingsthe devastation was massive. It was difficult getting aid into the area because of issues at the airport and generally poor management of the situation.
Few of the Buildings in Haiti were built with earthquakes in mind, contributing to their collapse The government of Haiti also estimated thatrarthquake and 30, commercial buildings had collapsed or were severely damaged. There was slippage along a conservative plate boundary that runs through Haiti. The number of people in relief camps of tents and tarps since the quake was 1. Many countries responded to appeals for aid, pledging funds and dispatching rescue and medical teams, engineers and support stusy.
Port-au-Prince’s morgues were quickly overwhelmed with many tens of thousands of bodies having to be buried in mass graves. Economic impacts of the earthquake effects on money and jobs 30, commercial buildings collapsed. There was much confusion over who was in charge, air traffic congestion, and problems with prioritisation of flights further complicated early relief work. Large parts of this impoverished nation where damage, most importantly the capital Port Au Prince, where shanty towns and even the presidential palace crumbled to dust.
The Senegalese offered land in Senegal to any Haitians who wanted it! To find out more, including how to control cookies, see here: Both plates move in the same direction, but one moves faster than the other. The event measured 7. By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use. As rescues tailed off, supplies, medical care and sanitation became priorities.
The port, other major roads and communications link were damaged beyond repair and needed replacing. Damage to the main clothing industry. One year after the earthquake 1 million people remained displaced.
Many buildings simply collapsed or were damaged beyond repair. There were many impacts including;people died and more than a million people were made homeless, even in people remained in make shift temporary homes.
The fault line is bitssize strike slip fault, the Caribbean Plate south of the fault line was sliding east and the smaller Gonvave Platelet north of the fault was sliding west.