Amidst more incidences of violence in early , the Congress-League coalition struggled to function. He is commonly remembered as Maulana Azad ; the word Maulana is an honorific meaning ‘Our Master’, and he had adopted Azad Free as his pen name. He adopted the Islamic prophet Muhammad’s ideas by living simply, rejecting material possessions and pleasures. Black Money in India. Elected to the lower house of the Indian Parliament , the Lok Sabha in and again in , Azad supported Nehru’s socialist economic and industrial policies, as well as the advancing social rights and economic opportunities for women and underprivileged Indians. Sardar’s letters, mostly unknown.
Just as a Hindu can say with pride that he is an Indian and follows Hinduism, so also we can say with equal pride that we are Indians and follow Islam. Azad decided the name of Muslim political party Majlis-e-Ahrar-ul-Islam. If not granted, the Congress would adopt the goal of complete political independence for India. His studies in Eastern and Western philosophy were wide and varied. Azad initially evoked surprise from other revolutionaries, but Azad won their praise and confidence by working secretly to organise revolutionaries activities and meetings in Bengal , Bihar and Bombay now called Mumbai. The leaders would generally avoid talking of politics, unwilling to cause any arguments that could exacerbate the pain of their imprisonment.
All Essay: Short Biography of ‘Maulana Abul Kalam Azad’ ( Words)
His mother’s name was Alia, who was an Arabian. Additionally, the proposal called for the “grouping” of provinces on religious lines, which would informally band together the Muslim-majority province in the West as Group B, Muslim-majority provinces of Bengal and Assam as Group C and the rest of India as Group A.
Azad occupied the time worxs bridge and acting as the referee in tennis matches played by his colleagues.
Atlantic Publishers and Distributors. State University of New York Press. Views Read Edit View history. Azad stood by Gandhi with most other Congress leaders, but reluctantly endorsed the Congress’s exit from maulama assemblies in following the inclusion of India in World War II.
He was an eminent scholar in Persian, Arabic and Urdu. Archived from the original on 18 October It is often said that his book India wins Mauana is about his political life and Ghubar-e-Khatir deals with his social and spiritual life.
Abul Kalam Azad
He became the youngest President of the Indian National Congress in Azad initially evoked surprise from other revolutionaries, but Azad won their praise and confidence by working secretly to organise revolutionaries activities and meetings in BengalBihar kaulana Bombay now called Mumbai.
All political prisoners were released in and Azad led the Congress in the elections for the new Abu Assembly of Indiawhich would draft India’s constitution. Azad’s tomb is located next to the Jama Masjid in Delhi. Azad also managed to win Jinnah’s agreement to the proposal citing the greater good of all Indian Muslims.
Azad supported wodds with Jinnah and the Muslim League between and over a Congress-League coalition and broader political co-operation. The Indian public had been angered by the passage of the Rowlatt Acts inwhich severely restricted civil liberties and individual rights.
Violence claimed the lives of an estimated one million people, almost entirely in Punjab. Patel opposed Azad and Nehru’s mauoana to reserve the houses vacated by Muslims who had departed for Pakistan for Muslims in India displaced by the violence. He was one of the architects of Modern India.
Inhe became the youngest man to be elected Congress president.
In the supreme executive of the Congress it is a personal loss. He was born in Mekkah, given formal education in Persian and Arabic languages but he was never taught Urdu. In the early mornings, Azad began working on his classic Urdu work, the Ghubhar-i-Khatir. Rajendra Wods and Chakravaachari regarding the espousal of socialism as the Congress goal.
His father Maulana Sayyid Muhammad Khairuddin bin Ahmed AlHussaini wrote twelve books, had thousands of disciples, and claimed noble ancestry,  while his mother was Sheikha Alia bint Mohammad, the daughter of Sheikh Mohammad bin Zaher AlWatri, himself a reputed scholar from Medina who had a reputation that extended even outside of Arabia.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad at Wikipedia’s sister projects. In response, the Congress mau,ana other political parties appointed a commission under Motilal Nehru to propose constitutional reforms from Indian opinions.
Retrieved 1 April Transfer of Power in India. Secondary School English 20 points.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Biography
Retrieved 13 April He rose to prominence through his work as a journalist, publishing works critical of the British Raj and espousing sssay causes of Indian nationalism. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Poet politician writer. I am part of the indivisible unity that is Indian nationality. While Gandhi and others expressed scepticism of this clause, Azad argued that Jinnah’s demand for Pakistan would be buried and the concerns of the Muslim community would be assuaged.