In addition, there may be some lexical gaps; a concept that may exist in one language may not exist in another. The students’ translations of the Collocation do the Eiffel Tower … This example illustrates quite clearly the difference in combinations patterns across the two languages. Collocations create many difficulties in translation because the meaning of the word changes when it combines with other words. Thus, one cannot ignore what Newmark In addition to linguistic and cultural differences, the overuse of literal translation proves to cause problems for students. So, to do this translation successfully requires the translator’s competence.

On the other hand, the total number of the incorrect translations of all the given collocations by the students is , and its mean is Interpersonal formulaic sequences and cross-disciplinary differences in ELF academic lectures. Journal of English for Academic Purposes Realize that it is not always the case that there is a word-for-word equivalent between MT and TL. This stresses the first hypothesis which says:

Another difficulty the students face is misinterpreting the meaning of a SL Collocation.

Delexical Verb + Noun Collocations in Swedish and Chinese Learner English

So the more senses the word has, the more its collocational range is wider. Percentages of the students’ errors in the two tests……… However, for Firth, this keeping company, which he calls Collocations, is merely a part of the meaning of the word.

To put it simply, English collocation errors were committed by the respondents due to their insufficient knowledge and unfamiliarity with English collocations. They are delexicalised when they are part of some combinations: This is called reliability and validity respectively in testing parlance.

The essay-writing task, in which participants were asked to write approximately words on a given topic, was designed to elicit free production of 40 Collocations, whereas the translation task consisting of 10 sentences in Greek for each of the three groups and the cloze test was intended to measure the cued production of Collocations.


The students’ translations of the Collocation had a drink ……… In example 2although “have” can be easily used with problems, that use would need an animate subject.

The first part is almost devoid of lexical meaning but theais the associated grammatical information, being the bearer of inflectional endings. In an article of modes of meaning published back in Firth ibid introduces his classical definition of Collocation as ”the company words keep together” cited in Zughoul, Not just at the level of their mother tongue, but also at the level of the target language.

It is also argued that L1 influence is not restricted to errors; nor is it just linguistic. The following figure illustrates the students’ mean of the correct and incorrect translations in T1 In the English culture “owl” refers to wisdom while in the Arabic society it refers to pessimism. Certain words in Arabic co-occur with either a range or a restricted list of words, e.

In other words, T- test, mean, standard deviation, and standard error mean are used to test the hypotheses of this study. Initially, the pilot study was carried out on the third year students of English Department at the Faculty of Education- Radfan, University of Aden. Hence, the translation of English Collocations into Arabic poses serious problems.

delexical verbs thesis

Table 32 above shows the comparison between make in T1 with make in T2 by using the means, standard deviations, and standard error means. Without solving them, we cannot translate effectively.


The methodology and the data collection are included in the third chapter. The Idiom Principle and L1 Influence: The two tasks were written in two separate papers.

Ying Wang – Department of English

veebs From this definition, it is understood that translation is the attempt to transfer a message or statement berbs one language by the same message or statement in another language TL.

The following figure 9 clarifies the students’ means of do, make, and have in T1 and T2 70 thewis 60 Both tests were numbered, and each participant was given a number to ensure that the same participant took the two tests.

Abdullah Al- Kaff, Dr. To illustrate this point, Manning and Hinrich Parts of Uncountable Nouns e. The students’ translations of the collocation has a population Table 17 and figure 25 above, both illustrate the students’ translations as well as their percentages for the English collocation has a population in S10, T1.

delexical verbs thesis

The students did not translate them Collocations as combinations of one unit of meaning; they rendered each element into its core meaning. The instrument in which the data were collected was described.

While defining it “as a set of strategies and methods” means what comes after the linguistic recognition, understanding. In the case of word sense disambiguation, Collocations help to distinguish between different senses of polysemous words.