Engagement was added as a conceptual advancement on the original model as it was identified as an important aspect of human occupation. Lately, she was described see the OT because she was beginning to come to feel dissatisfied with her job and wished to explore other options. The original four components — mental, physical, spiritual and sociocultural — could potentially be viewed in isolation from each other, and have therefore been developed into three components — affective, physical and cognitive — which facilitate interaction. International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. Results of the study showed that the grade of the social environment at work is associated with stress. Foundations for Practice in Occupational Therapy. It is within this dimension that individuals are presented with occupational opportunities.

Everyone encompasses a number of different cultures, which may explain why the cultural environment fluctuates and is different for each individual Sumsion Research has shown a balance between do the job and friends and family predicts well-being and general quality of life. Components of the model Occupation The components of occupation are self-care, productivity and leisure. The area of self-care encompasses all of the tasks an individual undergoes in a day to look after oneself. This advancement was necessitated by the current developments and improvements in knowledge of occupation-based, client-centred and evidence-based occupational therapy practice. The Canadian model provides therapists with a simple, clear, conceptual framework for thinking about the person, with the person, throughout the occupational therapy process.

Theoretical underpinning Some of the theories that inform the model include humanistic theories, evident in the emphasis on client centredness, as well as accompanying principles. Log In or Register to continue.

CMOP-E – group 2a

There are other models and associated assessments that are also client-centred see Chapters 6 and 10 ; however, the appeal of the Canadian model lies in its simplicity and comprehensiveness. Spirituality does not refer to religion, but the essence of self, the place where determination and meaning are drawn.


This spirituality is shaped and expressed through occupations. Personal health care includes basic activities of daily living, such as for example bathing, dressing, or personal hygiene. The individual was in the centre of the model and therefore, by implication, was at the centre of the intervention.

The three performance components that make up the person are located in each of the corners of the triangle and these are: International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health.

The model identifies the main domains that the profession has an interest in.

cmop-e occupational therapy case study

The inner circle represents occupation and in the transverse sectional cmpo-e, it comes at the forefront, indicating that occupation is the core domain of concern to occupational therapists. However, some individuals may explore spirituality through religion.

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At one end of the lifespan the model has been used as a framework to clarify a range of facts involved in feeding infants with congenital heart disease Imms The revised performance components were defined as follows:. The target of this paper is certainly on the conversation between occupation and environment.

B to show proper self-care before participating in efficiency with the OT.

Being developed from different theoretical backgrounds creates an interdisciplinary foundation for the model. When there are limitations in any of the components occupatoinal the model, the outcome of this interdependent relationship becomes dysfunctional occupational performance or engagement.

Leisure activities may include quiet activities, such as for example reading, or dynamic leisure such as sports, and socialization.

Applying the Canadian Model of Occupational Performance | Musculoskeletal Key

She likewise indicated that she wished to expand her tyerapy network as she sensed that she got few friends. Leisure is defined as occupations for enjoyment CAOTp.


It is within this dimension that individuals are presented with occupational opportunities. The social environment is composed of social groups such as family, co-workers and friends and their roles, as well as occupational forms such as playing cards or jogging Sumsion,Sumsion, and Kielhofner, The depiction of the model shows the person as stjdy within the environment represented by the outer circle.

Applying the Canadian Model of Occupational Performance

Self-care, productivity and leisure remain as performance components and are now considered to be the key components of occupation. Models offer OTs with a framework to assemble information about the average person and to program interventions. Clinical application of the Canadian Model of Occupational Performance in a forensic rehabilitation hostel.

cmop-e occupational therapy case study

The need for more literature related to the cmope of the model in settings outside of Canada was also stressed Clarke She was also having interpersonal problems with her co-workers which put into the stress. The institutional environment includes legal elements that often overlap with the economic one as control of funds and who makes financial decisions often become legal matters Sumsion Through making use of this studyy to Mrs.

In addition, society expects these individuals to work. These components happen to be the core dimensions of interest in the occupational therapy profession. The social environment may be the source of personal relationships Duncan, In reality, the economic environment overlaps with all other environments, including the political one, where issues such as accessible transport and buildings are of particular concern to occupational therapists Theraph